2021 end-of-year review of the Ministry of Science and Technology: innovations and solutions
In its year-end review of performance for 2021, the Department of Science and Technology on Tuesday listed a range of innovations and solutions to “unprecedented challenges” posed by Covid-19 and other problems, all aiming to bring about “positive transformations in every sphere, be it health, sustainability, energy efficiency, climate change, food production or even the way we work.
“The Department of Science and Technology has extended its institutional support to women scientists, brought a bowl of saffron to the northeast, inspired Manak to reach remote places involving growing numbers of students, and is supporting research to help to evolve towards affordable health and well-being for all, in addition to local innovations: vocal for the local, ”underlined the ministry.
“The year 2021 has brought unprecedented challenges to humanity. DST and its autonomous institutions have prepared to help India meet the challenges. The department has also implemented lessons learned last year during the COVID-19 pandemic to reach the world with STI solutions that have resulted in positive transformations in all areas, from healthcare to health, sustainability, energy efficiency, climate change, food production or even in terms of the way we work, ”the ministry’s note added.
The ministry also refers to the main achievements of DST during the year 202. “India’s ranking in the global S&T indices continues to increase. India moved up to 46th place among the top 50 innovative economies in the world according to the Global Innovation Index (GII). The country remains among the top three countries in scientific publication according to the NSF database and also reached the 3rd position in terms of number of doctorates, in terms of the size of the higher education system; as well as in terms of the number of startups, ”said the Department of Science and Technology’s end-of-year review.
As part of the National Supercomputer Mission (NSM), four new supercomputers have been installed since July 2021 at IIT-Hyderabad, NABI-Mohali, CDAC-Bengaluru and IIT Kanpur under NSM aiming to set up a grid of supercomputing to provide access to High-Performance Computing (HPC) facilities to around 75 institutions and over thousands of active researchers, academics working through Nation Knowledge Network (NKN).
DST’s efforts make scientific infrastructure accessible in all institutions. A new program called Synergistic Training Program Using Science and Technology Infrastructure (STUTI) recently announced is envisaged to boost human resources and capacity building through open access to S&T infrastructure across the country. The DST extends its institutional support to women scientists.
Communities have been empowered through STI centers, point-of-care diagnostic kits and encouraging entrepreneurial initiatives. The department initiated the establishment of Community Resource Centers on COVID Resilience (CCRRC) for better recovery, by strengthening capacities and capacities of science, technology and innovation (STI) against various uncertainties at community level. Seven Scheduled Caste (SC) / Scheduled Tribe (ST) cells and seven Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) hubs have been established for the holistic development of SC / ST, according to the ministry’s memo.
Cost-effective, easy-to-perform point-of-care diagnostic tool kits developed to detect food contamination with Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium perfringens, Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. A user-friendly DNA sensor the size of a USB stick has been developed for the on-site detection of brush typhus. A bouquet of colorful artificial foods for breeding silkworms has been developed to produce naturally colored cocoons, the note adds.
The Ministry of Science and Technology explains how the saffron bowl was brought from Kashmir to the northeast through the focused efforts of the North East Center for Technology Application & Reach (NECTAR). The northeast first saw the successful cultivation of saffron in the village of Yangang in southern Sikkim. It is now extended to Twang, Arunachal Pradesh and Barapani, Meghalaya.
SERB-DST has also partnered with Intel India to launch a one-of-a-kind initiative to advance deep technology research in India. The national hackathon organized by IIT Madras and Sony India encourages citizens to come up with solutions using IoT Sensor Board. The INSPIRE MANAK Awards were presented to the top 60 innovators selected from a total of 3 92,486 students who submitted their innovations in schools across the country that were selected at different levels.
The ministry further gives details of several smart and inexpensive indigenous technologies as part of the Make in India initiative supported by DST with the aim of making India “Atmanirbhar”. New automated toilet waste collection technology, easy to maintain and a 7 times cheaper alternative to organic toilets, can be used to maintain Indian Railways toilet system.
A low cost semiconductor manufacturing process has been developed and used to design integrated circuits (ICs) to handle voltages up to 20 V. A sticky mat that removes dust from a contact surface can provide clean, hygienic, healthy and refreshing atmosphere in our home, our offices, our hospitals and our laboratories as well as the good functioning of many expensive equipments, underlined the note of the ministry.
According to the ministry, as part of Mission Innovation 2.0, India is co-leading the Innovation Community on Affordable Low-Carbon Heating and Cooling for Buildings with the European Commission and the UK. It received a massive response from Canada, Australia, Finland, Morocco, Netherlands, Sweden and Saudi Arabia, with IEA and RMI participating as stakeholders, a added the ministry.
As part of the “Local innovations: Vocal for Local” initiative, the DST and the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) have supported several local innovations such as the traditional method of making Etikoppaka toys, Laxmi Asu Making Machine which has revolutionized the Pochampally silk weaving and reduced the drudgery of thousands of weavers involved in the occupation as well as herbal and profitable medicines to treat mastitis, an infectious disease of dairy cattle.
In addition, the DST-supported National Climate Vulnerability Assessment Report identified 6 eastern states – Jharkhand, Mizoram, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal as highly vulnerable states. climate change, the year of the Ministry of Science and Technology. – additional end-of-2021 revision added.